Welcome to our Discovery wiki! Instead of posting questions and answers on our whiteboard in our classroom, we can post our info here! Feel free to add a question or post an answer to someone's question in this space. Be sure to include a source for your answer.

How did the smiley face come to be?

Well, the smiley face itself was invented by Harvey Ball, a graphic artist, because of an advertisement assignment. The company's promotions director, Joy Young, wanted a button for "a morale boosting campaign ordered up by her boss." Harvey originally made just a smile... But realized that if you turned it upside down it would become a sad frown. So he added two eyes to show which way is up. Bernard and Murray Spain, two brothers in Philadelphia, made the smiley face popular though. Their business was to make fads. So they promoted the smiley face further after seeing it in some ads, and it eventually made the smiley guy appear on buttons, posters, bumper stickers, and a bunch of other things too. The smiley face is now uber popular. :) <- like so. Hope I helped! -Kaira Fenix
Source:
http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/961/who-invented-the-smiley-face


How does glue not stick to the bottle.
It is activated by air.
When was the first bank robbery?
http://www.ushistory.org/carpentershall/history/robbery.htm
September 1, 1798- early morning
or
August 31, 1798- late night
They reporters had decided it was an inside job. They decided it was an inside job,because none of the locks had been tempered with. Plus there was no attempt to get into the safe.The robber did get into the safe, but there were no dents or anything. $162,821 was stolen from the Bank of Pennsylvania at Carpenters' Hall. An honest man was blamed an scentenced to jail for three months in Walnut Street prison.
Sera Radway's braniac points
WHERE IS THE NEAREST BLACK HOLE AND WHERE IS IT CALLED?
The nearest black hole is only 1,600 light years away. It is in the constellation that is known as sagitarius, and the average star which created a large outburst. The star is called V4641 Sgr. The black hole itself is named V4641 Sagitari.
http://www.nrao.edu/pr/2000/v4641/



**Sabrina's Brainiac Points** (q's and answers!!)

Questions

Eli Reising
How do parrots talk?
"Parrots do not have vocal cords, so sound is accomplished by expelling air across the mouth of the bifurcated trachea." website askville. amazon

Sam Okum
Why do you feel fear?
You feel fear because your body thinks you are in danger. Different people feel different fears because their body feels in danger by different things. When people fear their brain gives them impulses to run. When this happens your feet and hands might feel cold because more blood runs to the muscles as a stimulant to get away. Your energy starts shift and as a result you feel alert waiting for something bad to happen. Your body can go from perfectly fine to very fearful by the tinest noise, thought, or sight in a snap.
http://dsc.discovery.com/videos/mythbusters-cold-feet/

Joshua Young
Where is highway 575?
Highway 575 is an interstate in Alberta, Canada. It runs west to east from Acme to Munson.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dinosaur_Trail#Highway_575

Danny Mutasim
When were stickers first invented?
They were said to be first made by the Ancient Egyptians, but in 1839 Sir Rowland Hill made the modern version that we know today.
http://www.mavericklabelblog.com/history-of-the-sticker.php

Joshua Young
Who invented paper clips?
The paper clip was invented by Johan Vaaler in 1899.
http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blpaperclip.htm

Why do we have to go to school?
You may ask why I have to go to school. And most people would respond, “it’s the law." It is the law but the government made that law for a reason. School gives you a proper education. At first it may seem that none of the things you learn in advanced math or science will help you out in life. This could be true for some people but a majority of the population uses what they've learned in school in their life.
Math: helps with taxes, cooking, science, and engineering.
English: writing, job applications.
Science: cooking, engineering.
Social Studies: Directions, vacations, pilot.
Foren language: Helps you with English
Art: Painter, logos.
Music: writhes, interments playing.
Gym: staying healthy
Tech: Leaning how to use computers
As you've this seen many classes help us in our personal life.
Along with education, school has a social aspect. You get to meet more people. Learn how to interact, and how to gain trust.
This will help you operate in society. Also if you don't have an education, nice luck finding a job. Finding a job is the main reason the law was made. If people weren’t educated the economy would crash and our country would turn to the poorest in the world. Our armed forces would be cut down and we would be defenseless.
I hope this helped
Alex Pregel

from sneezing could make out eyes ache so we close our eyes.
http://www.boston.com/news/science/articles/2004/06/15/why_do_my_eyes_close_every_time_i_sneeze/
Jessie Osher

Why are UGGs so polular?
UGGs are warm, soft and comfortable. They are simply a fad that people think they need to have. (If you have UGGs and you said you need to have them, I totally agree). They may not be very attractave but people love them.
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-497170/The-UGGly-truth-Theyre-hot-smelly-bad-feet-Ugg-boots-popular.html
Bridget Pavlick
How do LED's work?
Alex Pregel
Whell it is self explanitory. LED stands for light Emiting doide. Let me explain the parts. A doide is a semiconductor divice . What makes it speicle is that electricity can only pass one way through making it a undirectional conductor.
Emiting is that it lets out something.
Components of an LED include a whisker which is connected to the anode, the anvil, which is connected to the cathode, a lens to illuminate the light created for distances and a high impact plastic casing to protect the LED from extreme vibration and use..
http://www.tech-faq.com/how-led-lights-work.html
How does an overhead projector work?
Alex Pregel
It works by shining a strong lamp through a transparent or opaque object. If it is transparent, the light passes through and the opaque object forms a shadow on the lens above. Joining with the un blocked light. The lens focuses the light to a mirror witch bends the light 45 degrees. Another lens re focuses the light witch project the non blocked light onto a surface.
http://www.ehow.com/how-does_4744417_overhead-projector-work.html
"What is QWERTY?"
The most used modern day layout of our keyboards for computers and typewriters.
http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=define%3A+Qwerty+&aq=0&aqi=l1g10&aql=&oq=what+is+QWERTY&gs_rfai
Answer from Ryan Wilkins
"How long has chocolate been around?"
Since the Mayan and Aztec civilizations.
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_long_has_chocolate_been_around
Answer from Ryan Wilkins
"How do people get tan?"
UVA radiation. This is one of the two types of radiation that comes from the sun and reaches your skin. The other type, UVB, is the type of radiation that gives you sunburns. http://kidshealth.org/teen/safety/safebasics/tanning.html
Answer from Ryan Wilkins

How Do People Get Tan?

By Ian Book

Many people like to be tan, because “it makes them look better.” But, sometimes people wonder what happens in order for themselves to get tan. Well, I did some researching and this is what I figured out:

The sun makes two kinds of rays, UVB and UVA. UVB causes sunburn, because it burns the upper layer of your skin causing red to appear. The better one UVA rays, is the one that makes you become tan. It works by penetrating your skin it getting into the lower layers. There it make cells called, melanocytes release a brown colored pigment, eventually reaching your skin making it turn light brown.

Now, you know why you get tan when you are lying on a lawn chair or playing in the sand.

I used the website http://kidshealth.org/teen/safety/safebasics/tanning.html to help me with my answer.
"Who invented the laptop?"
Adam Osborne -Answers.com (Lauren Collette)
Why does your heart stop when you sneeze?
Hailey Magenheim

Your heart doesn't actually stop when you sneeze!
My Dad (a doctor)
http://healthlibrary.epnet.com/GetContent.aspx?token=a4c1f00b-d245-44f2-a90e-20b047f84a6a&chunkiid=157001

Does the government discuss national/world issues often like we did in class? (Are these conflicts we discussed a part of their daily discussion?)

This is a really great question! I certainly hope so because govermental decisions impact everyone.

- Mrs. C.
i would like to think that they do and i'm pretty sure that they do. they might not possibly discuss it as often as an almost day to day thing but i think that they do/should talk about it at least 4-5 a week.
Bureaucracy: What Government Agencies Do and Why They Do It
America's 10 Best Senators

These are the questions on the board right now.
When you answer one write the answer and a link to the site you used and then tell Mrs. Given:

How do lava lamps work?
harry's answer
The lava is wax. the light under the wax heats it up until it becomes less dense than the liquid. when it gets less denser, it floats up to the top. At the top it becomes colder and comes back down.
http://www.straightdope.com/classics/a2_359.html

What's that mean?! (underlining "45 vinyl single" on the wall, currently there)
A 45 rpm vinyl record is a vinyl record that spins at a rate of 45 turns per minute. It is small, less than a foot in diameter, and produces music when put on a record player, and when a needle is dragged across the grooves in its surface, creating vibrations which are heard as sound. They look like black, shiny frisbees with lines. Since a 45 is so small, and since it rotates so fast, only a small amount of music can be put on there. This is why songs that were "singles" were released in this format.
http://www.45-rpm.org.uk/history.html

How did Michael Jackson die? -Current question on the actual wall
He died of an overdose of a sleeping medicine. Michael Jackson's doctor was charged of involuntary manslaughter, which could be also deemed as irresponsibly giving Michael Jackson drugs on order to get money for himself. Who administrated the final, killing dose is not certain, but it was enough to make Michael Jackson suffer of cardiac arrest. He died June 25, 2009, which, in the Philippines, would be June 26, 2009, since they are 12 hours ahead of us. He died on my birthday... but it didn't really affect me. I was still sleeping when he died.

http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Justice/2010/0405/Conrad-Murray-statements-under-scrutiny-in-Michael-Jackson-death

-Edward Lim's Answer

How did English originate?
It evolved over thousands of years. all these immigrant people made the language together.
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/When_was_the_English_language_created

How small can you make a T.V.?
The world's smallest T.V. in size currently available on the market is 1 inch length and 1/4 inches in width. This T.V. was first released 1982 and now cost $30,000. It was worn as a watch and had poor visual quality.
http://www.tvhistory.tv/Smallest%20TV.htm
-Kara T. Discovery 7
What chemical reaction happens when you bake a cake?

Baking powder makes the cake rise because it has sodium bicabonate in it.
www.wiki.answers.com

How do you create a website and what do you do to make one?
Go to free webs.com here is a link. it tells you everything you need to know about making a website.
http://members.freewebs.com/
-eric saba

What Do You Say When Someone Coughs?
By Ian Book

Some people wonder what to say when someone coughs. When someone sneezes you say bless you, because you are blessing them for their sickness. When you say bless when one coughs it feels kind of awkward. So, instead you should say “are you alright?”, because they must be choking or sick.

The website http://snippets.com/what-do-you-say-when-someone-coughs.htm helped me answer this question.
How do batteries work?
A battery is a container that has chemicals that produce electrons. They collect on the negitive terminal and when they flow through the wire to the positive termenal a chemical reaction occers and that is whats harnessed to create the power that you get.
http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/battery.htm
-Eric saba

How did the English language originate?
Harry's answer
it was created over thousands of years by different people from different countries they combined their languages
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/When_was_the_English_language_created

Is there anywhere that you can recycle #6 plastic?
Yes there is. New point mobile Recycling program takes #6 plastic.
http://earth911.org/search-recycle?what=%236+Plastic+%28Polystyrene%29&where=cincinnati&max_distance=100
-Eric Saba

How cold does it have to be to freeze your blood?
Edward Lim's answer
Blood is mostly water, and the freezing temperature of water is 0C, and 32F. Since blood has other substances than water, these substances happen to freeze at a lower temperature than water, and bring blood's freezing temperature down to -3 or -2C, which is also below 32. If you are asking how cold it would have to get for your blood inside your body to physically freeze, that is a different question. Even if you were naked in Antarctica, you would die probably of hypothermia or dehydration faster than actualy freezing. You'd pass out, die, and then freeze and become a supercool frozen fossil like thingy. Dehydration? Well, you can't drink the water in Antarctica... its frozen... and you can't melt it... so yeah, if you managed to stay warm enough, you'd die of dehydration, K?
Sources:
http://www.madsci.org/posts/archives/2001-04/986778911.Bc.r.html
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hypothermia/ds00333


When did Michael Phelps start swimming?



Michael Phelps started taking swimming lessons and swimming seriously at the age of seven.
http://www.jockbio.com/Bios/Phelps/Phelps_bio.html

-Katherine Arnold
How do you get electrical shocks?
One usually can recieve electrical shocks when they come in contact with either static electricity or an electronic. Static electicity occurs when the positive and negative atoms in an object become unbalanced. When people touch an object, they contribute electrons (negative atoms), so the protrons (positive atoms) try to attract to one's negative atoms giving them that shock. Electronics give shocks when one comes in contact with a stripped wire or short in a wire on the device that carries an active current.
-Kara T. Discovery 7
Who writes the fortunes in fortune cookies?
The fortunes are written by someone who works at the fortune cookie company/factory. Large companies will actually hire a person to work full time to think of new fortunes for the cookies.One man who writes fortunes for fortune cookies is Donald Lau, a vice-president at Wonton Food, Inc.
**http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2005/06/06/050606ta_talk_olshan**
**http://www.askpedia.com/q_subzzzzuxu**
-Katherine Arnold

Who first invented the printing press
The printing press was first invented by Johannes Gutenberg.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Printing_press
Kishan Sheth
What are Fibonacci numbers and what numbers does it include?
Fibonnacci numbers are a set of numbers that follow the pattern, a certain number is the sum of the two numbers before it, for example: the first two numbers are 0 and 1 (0 is debated) so the third number is also 1 (0+1) and the fourth number is 2 (1+1.) Fibonacci numbers were created by Leonardo of Pisa whose "nickname" was Fibonacci. The set of Fibonacci numbers includes 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144...
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibonacci_number
-answer by Brad Lewis


What IS sound physically? Sound is made of vibrations, but how can vibrations be tangible to the ear?
SOUND IS PHYSICALLY A FORM OF ENERGY WHEN MOLECULES VIBRATE AND RUB AGAINST EACHOTHER CREATING PATTERNS CALLED SOUND WAVES THAT SEND AN IMPULSE TO YOUR BRAIN THAT MAKES YOU HEAR. SOUND MOVES LIKE A WAVE THROUGH A SLINKY JUST AS A SOUND WAVE MOVES THROUGH MATTER. SOUND IS NOT EXACTLY TANGIBLE BUT YOUR EAR CAN JUST PICK IT UP. YOUR EARS CAPTURE THE SOUND WAVES AND SEND THEM TO THE BRAIN AND THE BRAIN MAKES THEM SEEM TANGIBLE. A PART OF YOUR EAR, THE PINNA, REFLECTS SOUND WAVES AND YOUR BRAIN CAN TELL WHERE THE SOUND IS LOCATED AND OTHER THINGS.
BY: PAULINA PROKHOROVA
SOURCES:
http://health.howstuffworks.com/human-body/systems/ear/hearing1.htm
http://www.fi.edu/fellows/fellow2/apr99/soundsci.html
Is it possible to slam a revolving door?
YES, IT IS POSSIBLE TO SLAM A REVOLVING DOOR. IF YOU EXTEND THE SURROUNDING WALL A BIT TO CREATE A SLAMMING EFFECT, THE SIDE OF THE DOOR WILL CATCH ON THE WALL AND THERE YOU GO. IF YOU WANT TO JUST SLAM THE DOOR AS IN CLOSE IT ANGRILY,YOU JUST HAVE TO PUSH REALLY HARD.
BY: PAULINA PROKHOROVA
SOURCES:
http://www.blurtit.com/q5853313.html

Are dogs color blind when they are first born?
YES, DOGS ARE COLOR BLIND WHEN THEY ARE FIRST BORN. THAY ACTUALLY ARE COMPLETELY BLIND WHEN THEY ARE FIRST BORN. AFTER A COURSE OF 3 WEEKS, DOGS START TO SEE AND SEE COLOR ALTHOUGH THEIR COLOR SPECTRUM IS DIFFERENT FROM OURS.
BY: PAULINA PROKHOROVA
SOURCES:
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/amazing-facts-about-dogs.html
How far can a grasshopper jump?
20 inches far 5 inches high
http://www.creaturesofcreation.org/critters_grasshopper.php
Why can't you wear jewelry in a MRI?
One can not wear jewelry in an MRI because an MRI contains a powerful magnetic field contains the strength of 1,500 gauus, meaning it is 25,000 times stronger than the Earth's. Of course, because of jewelry's metality it is easily attracted to the MRI and can fly across the room. This can cause the jewelry to serious damage or injury objects, such as the machine (which can cause an inaccurate reading) and people in the room.

-Kara T. Discovery 7

Do different people see colors in different shades and/or tints?
Nobody knows the answer. You can't tell what someone is "seeing," but you can test their reactions to colors. It is just accepted that certain things are considered green. Some people with these crossed circuits can "hear colors or see sounds." You also "see" a lot with your ears. Evidence of this is when you get dizzy and you fell like the room is spinning from your inner ear shaking but your eyes say that the room is not spinning.

-Me (Brad Lewis)
http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20070624122223AA21sKF


Why don't identical twins have the same fingerprint?
Edward Lim's answer
Actually, identical twins do have the same fingerprint... fraternal twins don't have the same fingerprint, but identical twins do. If you took the twins, and raised them seperately in the EXACT SAME ENVIRONMENT, then yes, their fingerprints would be the same. This is because they have the same genetic code, and they would be exposed to the same environment, so their body would develop the same. Actually, almost the same. Atomically, it probably wouldn't. And anyway, even if people have the same DNA, it matters how their body EXPRESSES the genetic code... Even though your question is confusing, yes, generally twins have the same, or at least uncannily similar fingerprints. Unless one twin has a scar on their finger.

Sources:
http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/1277/do-identical-twins-have-different-fingerprints


Can any two people(other than clones) have the same DNA?
Edward Lim's answer
Actually, we haven't managed to clone people yet. Just animals. And those animals usually come out deformed and have to be put to sleep. But I'll assume by "clones" you mean "identical twins". If you really meant clones, then yes, identical twins can have the same DNA. Even if you are not a twin, your genetic code is still more than 99% the same code as all other humans. It's the subtle difference that give us our personalities. The rest of the code creates our bodies, and is really the thing that makes us HUMAN. But no, its impossible for two people that are not twins or clones to have the same DNA. Even brothers and sisters. Even though they come fro the same gene pool, they are from different gametes, which give them a different genetic code. We have not found a way to change DNA, so no, no two people other than clones and twins may have the same DNA.
Sources:
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/11/health/11real.html


Why do mentos explode when they're in coke?

Mentos explode because the surface of a mento is rough and when placed in coke, carbon dioxide catches on to them. The mentos sink to the bottom of the coke bottle and it forms bubbles everywhere as they sink. Another reason is that the gum arabic and other ingredients in the mentos cause the surface tension to break and this makes it easier for bubbles to form in the soda.
**http://www.stevespanglerscience.com/experiment/00000109**
**http://babyandkidallergies.com/diet-coke-mentos.php**

Do babies dream in the womb?
It turns out that babies do see dreams in the womb. Some scientists say they have discovered that very immature sheep fetuses can enter a dreaming sleep-like state weeks before the first rapid eye movements are seen. --Katie Sullivan <3 http://www.science20.com/news_releases/do_babies_womb_have_dreams
http://news.softpedia.com/news/Babies-Dream-Inside-the-Womb-109392.shtml

Why do people say that babies can see paranormal things?


Is it possible to completely fill up your brain? If so, what happens to the rest of the information you learn?



How and why do lakes and rivers change?

Lakes and rivers change for many reasons. One reason is that erosion can change the shape or flow of a river. Erosion can make a river flow in a slightly different direction, and can enlarge lakes. Also animals (mainly beavers) build dams to block the flow of a river. This can affect a river a lot and make it into a lake. Finally, weather changes lakes and rivers because when it is really dry, rivers and lakes are low on water, but when there is a lot of rain or snow, lakes and rivers can flood.

http://profmandia.wordpress.com/2010/08/16/climate-change-impact-on-freshwater-wetlands-lakes-rivers/

Kishan Sheth


Why was a tomato originally a veggie?
Tomatoes aren't actually vegetables.The confusion about 'different plants being "fruits" or "vegetables" is because scientists and cooks use them in different ways. A tomato is a fruit scientifically. Fruits are developed in the base of their flower, and have the seeds of the plant.
In cooking, some fruits may be considered vegetables, because they are used in savoury rather than sweet cooking. The word 'vegetable' is more often used for other edible parts of plants, like cabbage leaves and celery stalks, which aren't strictly fruits. Sometimes 'fruit' may be used to refer to a part of a plant that isn't a fruit, but that is used in sweet cooking: rhubarb, for example.
So, the answer to the question is that a tomato is technically the fruit of the tomato plant, but it's used as a vegetable in cooking.

http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/page/199
-Sarah Borden

What was the First Shoe Ever Made
human kind learned to protect their feet by grabbing what was at their reach like bark, large leaves and grass – and tie them under the foot with vines.
In countries where the climate was warm they developed sandals made out of woven palms, grass and attached to the foot with toe loops. While in cold weather countries, men used the skin of animals for better protection and to preserve the warmth in their feet.
A piece of treated skin with holes punched around the edge was put under the foot and laced with a leather strap that acted as a drawstring to hold the shoe in place around the foot, formed the precarious moccasin. These were the firsttypes of shoes ever made.

http://shoesobsessions.wordpress.com/2008/05/15/shoes-history/http://shoesobsessions.wordpress.com/2008/05/15/shoes-history/
Clayton James

Does Gesundheit mean the same thing a "bless you"?
Gesundheit is actually a German word meaning "health".__ In America, when someone sneezes, you usually say "god bless you" or just "bless you". Although it is much less common, people say "gesundheit" when someone sneezes. They are actually saying to you, "health".

by Kishan Sheth

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Responses_to_sneezing

Why Did Halloween Start?
The idea for Halloween dates back to the Middle Ages, when poor beggers went to peoples doors and asked them for food, money or other needs. Later during the Middle Ages, people started dressing up to hide their identity in different costumes. Soon, kids and teenagers started doing this, but for candy and treats now. "Trick or Treat" sort of means "give me a treat or I'll pull a trick on you".
Where is Meredith College located?
Meredith College is located in Raleigh, North Carolina.

http://www.meredith.edu/
by Adam Sichel

What is the capital of Assyria?
Over the course of its reign, Assyria had four different capitals: Assur, Nimrud, Dur Sarukin, and Ninevah.

http://www.helium.com/items/808474-what-was-the-capital-of-assyria
by Adam Sichel

What is the longest word in existence?
Charlie's answer-

The longestword in existence is really Methionylthreonylthreonylglutaminylarginyl...isoleucine, the chemical name for Titin, a type of metal. But since it has 189,819 characters, it's too long to fit on this page! I got this info from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Longest_word_in_English

Where is the Kara Sea?

The Kara Sea is loctated north of Siberia. It is part of the Artic Sea, about 1,450 kilometers long and 970 kilometers wide. The Kara Sea is also about 360 meters deep. -Lucia Grandison

Read for more information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kara_Sea

What is the airtime velocity of an unladen swallow?

==The airspeed velocity of an unladen swallow is about 11 meters per second, or 24 miles per hour, beating its wings roughly 8 times per second. -Lucia Grandison Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_air_speed_velocity_of_an_unladen_swallow#ixzz1HdKzTDjnroughly
==

What is the difference between jelly and jam?
The main difference between jelly and jam is the contents. Jam is made from every part of the fruit is used. Whereas jelly is made from fruit juices. Jams can have pieces of fruit skin or seeds also jam is very thick. Jelly is even textured and thinner.
Molly Kubicki
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-the-difference-between-jam-and-jelly.htm

Why can't horses vomit?


"The muscle that acts like a one-way valve where the esophagus connects to the stomach actually does its job, unlike in humans where it can let food travel the opposite direction, back to the mouth. Another reason that horses can not vomit is because the esophagus is connected to the stomach at an angle where it is forced shut when the horses stomach bloats. This can cause colic when the horses stomach bloats, and untreated, the stomach will rupture and the horse will die."

Molly Kubicki

Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_can't_horses_vomit#ixzz1IgJIY5x9


Zach Sorscher
HOW MANY COLORS ARE THERE.
there are infanite colors but not all that you can see.
http://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?p=2598788


WHO INVENTED ICE CREAM????

By Charlie Rhoad

Over the years, there have been many specualations as to whom created the delicious dessert. Some people say Marco Polo brought it to America from China, or Italy. Actually, people in the Persian Empire may have been the first to create ice cream. Studies show that their people poured grape juice concentrate over snow. That is surprisingly similar to a sno-cone. BBC reported that a mixture of milk and rice has been used in China for thousands of years, but Arabs were the first to use milk as a major ingredient. The Arabs also sweetened it with sugar, and not fruit juices. I think it's safe to say that the Arabs created ice cream, since sugar and milk are some major ingredients, and they were the first to use them in a delicious frozen treat!
Mrinal's Brainiac Extra Credit Question
Where did the game of Chess originate from, and how was it spread?
Most people believe that the game of chess first started, in what is now Modern day India and Iraq.The game was formed in 6 A.D, and spread from India and Afghanistan, to the Persian Kingdom. The rules and ideas about the game were spread by trade, which is how the Persians received the information to play the game. In Persia the game became so popular that the people quickly started trying to teach foreigners the game. Chess was then picked up by the Muslims and then spread rather quickly to Europe. In a short while, Chess had become one of the most popular games. Even today it remains a favorite amongst people, old and young.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_chess
http://math.uww.edu/~mcfarlat/177hist.htm
-Mrinal Singh

#1 Why is our planet called earth?

Answer:Our planet is called earth because earth means ground.

Explanation:It shares common ancestry with the German word 'Erde' and, in both cases, can also mean 'soil'. As the ground people were living on had soil, it's logical enough to use the term for that ground and, later, for the planet. If a long established word already happens to be available, then coming up with a different one for the same thing is rather pointless.

Source: http://answers.ask.com/Science/Other/why_is_our_planet_called_earth

#2 Who was Chuck Norris?

Answer:Carlos Ray "Chuck" Norris (born March 10, 1940)[1] is an American martial artist and actor.

Explanation:After serving in the United States Air Force, he began his rise to fame as a martial artist and has since founded his own school, Chun Kuk Do. As a result of his "tough guy" nteimage, an Internet phenomenon began in 2005 known as Chuck Norris facts, ascribing various implausible or even impossible feats to Norris.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuck_Norris


#3 What is a kumquat?

Answer: A kumquat: is a fruit, though not a citrus, it belongs to the genus Fortunella; has a very thin and sweet skin, with a tart and sour pulp; can be eaten whole (but spit the seed); grows on a shrubby tree with glossy green leaves and white flowers; is in season during the winter; is about the size of a large cherry; is ready to eat when it’s a vibrant orange color.

Explanation: Is in the answer section

Source: http://www.foodyscoop.com/make/what-is-a-kumquat/
-Shaheel Mitra

What is the fastest tennis serve?
The fastest tennis serve is an impressive 155 mph. Served by Ivo Karvolic in the Davis Cup while he was playing for Crouatia.
-Jeongwon Ryu

- David Denison
Question
What is the average number of lights put on a christmas tree in rockafeller center?

answer
The average lights put on a christmas tree in rockafeller square is 30,000 and almost 5 miles of wiring becausse the tree is 125 feet tall.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rockefeller_Center_Christmas_Tree


How Does a Plasma Ball Work?

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Plasma Ball Basics
A plasma ball is made up of an outer glass ball that has been filled with an inert gas such as neon at a high pressure. A second glass bulb contains the metallic electrode that acts as the source of the colorful strands of color that emanate from one globe to the next. Extremely popular in the 1980s it has been used as a special effect in movies and as a classroom tool to demonstrate plasma physics.

Electrodes and Magnetic Fields
A plasma ball is made up of a large glass globe filled with inert gases such as neon or xenon. Inside the main globe is a smaller glove that has the electrode. The electricity from a standard outlet is amplified, creating an electromagnetic field. The high voltage reacts with the gas and excites the ions in the globe. The energy created is in the form of a photon, also known as light, and creates the colorful ribbons of energy.
Ben singer

When was the first bank robbery?
http://www.ushistory.org/carpentershall/history/robbery.htm
September 1, 1798- early morning
or
August 31, 1798- late night
They reporters had decided it was an inside job. They decided it was an inside job,because none of the locks had been tempered with. Plus there was no attempt to get into the safe.The robber did get into the safe, but there were no dents or anything. $162,821 was stolen from the Bank of Pennsylvania at Carpenters' Hall. An honest man was blamed an scentenced to jail for three months in Walnut Street prison.